From our friends at FlexJobs.com: An increased threat of online job search scams amid rising unemployment
Work-at-home jobs have always been a target of scammers. However, as the BBB warns, these types of employment scams are likely to rise as the number of unemployed Americans increases due to the coronavirus pandemic. Knowing how to differentiate legitimate work opportunities from harmful ones is the best way to protect against fraud while searching for a remote job. To help job seekers protect themselves against work-at-home scams, FlexJobs has identified 12 common job search scams, along with key tips to help job seekers stay safe.
“Given that many states in the U.S. have prohibited non-essential businesses from operating, more people are searching for work-from-home jobs, and scammers are incredibly tuned into the fact that some job seekers are desperate to make money. These scammers will use this opportunity to pounce on and try to trick new professionals who may not be accustomed to looking for remote jobs,” said Sara Sutton, Founder, and CEO of FlexJobs. “I started FlexJobs in 2007 precisely to fight back against the frustrating and harmful fraudulent scams in the work-at-home job market by providing job seekers with a safe source for legitimate, high-quality remote jobs. And especially right now as scammers become more sophisticated and see opportunity, it is critical for job seekers to educate themselves on how to stay safe,” Sutton said.
The following 12 scams are some of the most common that job seekers may encounter. Each of these scams is elaborated on in more detail, including actual language from the scam job postings, here: https://www.flexjobs.com/blog/post/common-job-search-scams-how-to-protect-yourself-v2/
1. Data Entry
2. Pyramid Marketing
3. Stuffing Envelopes
4. Wire Transfers
5. Unsolicited Job Offers
6. Online Re-shipping
7. Rebate Processor
8. Assembling Crafts/Products
9. Career Advancement Grants
10. Using Fake URLs
11. Gaining Access to Personal Financial Information
12. Communicating Through Chat
Work-at-home job scams can be incredibly sophisticated, but knowing the warning signs is the key to protecting against job search fraud. In fact, according to one FlexJobs survey, 15% of respondents have avoided being scammed because they knew these warning signs.
These key tips can help job seekers identify a job scam.
Know the Signs: While job scammers have adapted their tactics over time, there are still some hard-and-fast warnings that a job is a scam. Here are some basic signs of a work-from-home job scam:
- There is a sense of urgency, or the recruiter is pushing you to accept the job now. Any legitimate company won’t push you into accepting a job offer immediately.
- You’re asked for personal financial information—such as your social security number, your bank account, your home address and phone number, your date of birth, etc.—early on in the job interview process.
- The job pays a lot of money for little work. After all, if it sounds too good to be true, it almost always is.
- The company boasts several rags-to-riches stories that showcase high-flying lifestyles.
- The job posting mentions quick money, drastic income changes overnight, etc.
- The job posting has glaring grammatical or spelling errors.
- The product is supposedly endorsed by countless celebrities or public figures.
- The contact email address is personal (e.g., email@example.com) or one that mimics a real company’s email address (e.g., firstname.lastname@example.org).
- The job requires several up-front expenses from candidates.
- Compensation is based on how many people you recruit.
- A recruiter offers you the job immediately without verifying your work experience or doesn’t ask for references.
Consider the Keywords: ‘Work-from-home’ and ‘work-at-home’ are most commonly used by scammers. Keywords like remote job, virtual job, and telecommute job are used more by legitimate employers. The following options (and variations) can be indicative of a work-from-home job scam:
- Free work from home jobs
- Quick money
- Unlimited earning potential
- Multi-level marketing
- Envelope stuffing
- Investment opportunities and seminars
Research the Companies: Conduct research to see if you can find out any info on the recruiter/hiring manager contacting you to determine if they are indeed a real person. The Better Business Bureau and the Federal Trade Commission can be great resources to find and report online job scams. You should be able to find a trail verifying the person and company, and, if not, you may want to reconsider moving forward with the job process.
Connect with the Company Directly: A hiring manager might reach out to you with a potential job. They might offer all the details about the job but not the biggest one of all—the company hiring for the job. Although they might say they can’t disclose the company or they’ll lose the potential commission associated with placing you in the position, you should know for certain the name of the company you’re interviewing for. If the hiring manager won’t tell you, it could be a sign that you’re in the middle of a scam. So contact the company that you might be working for to verify that a) the job recruiter is working for them, and b) the job you’re applying for exists.
Question the Communication: The job interview process has evolved quite a bit over the years to keep up with changes in technology. Almost everything is done online, from job applications to interviews, which are happening more frequently via video conferencing, particularly for remote positions. That being said, there are still a few red flags when it comes to using technology for hire, and those are email or instant messaging. Any hiring manager or boss worth their salt is not going to conduct a job interview via instant message or email. Most often, you might be initially contacted by email, but after that, you should still have a phone or video interview—or both.
To help job seekers make their work-at-home job search easier and safer, FlexJobs has also created a free comprehensive downloadable guide to finding a remote job. This definitive guide will help job seekers understand the work-from-home job market and the opportunities available, hone job search tactics, craft a resume and refine interview skills specifically for remote job opportunities.
FlexJobs is a premium online job service for professionals seeking flexible work, specializing in full-time and part-time remote jobs, employee and freelance jobs, and on-site jobs with flexible, part-time, and alternative schedules. Since its start in 2007, FlexJobs has helped more than 4 million people in their job searches and has created the largest vetted database of legitimate flexible job opportunities in over 50 career categories. In addition, FlexJobs provides robust career support, including curated expert resources and career coaching services, to partner with job seekers in all phases of their journey. A trusted source in the media, FlexJobs has been cited in top national outlets such as CNN, Wall Street Journal, New York Times, CNBC, Forbes, and many others. FlexJobs’ Founder & CEO Sara Sutton has also launched two additional partner sites, Remote.co and 1 Million for Work Flexibility, to help provide education and awareness about the viability and benefits of flexible work. Sutton is the creator of The TRaD* Works Forum (*Telecommuting, Remote, & Distributed), dedicated to helping companies leverage the benefits of telecommuting, remote and distributed teams.